Very Simple Expand Collapse UITableView Swift

UITableView expand collapse is a very common feature and there are tons of tutorials available, but for the new developer this is little hard to understand so here we are going to create a demo project in a super easy way and with very less code.
Now let’s start coding.
– Create a new project and choose Single View App
– Name it CollapsExpand or whatever you like.
Now open Main.storyboard and do below changes.

1: Choose Main.storyboard
2: Drag and drop a UITableView
3: Create an IBOutlet of UITableView and name it tableView
4: Change the Prototype Cells from 0 to 1 in order to use the default cell. You can use your custom cell as well. After changing it to 1 it will automatically add a cell inside UITableView.

1: When you change the Prototype Cells to 1 then a UITableViewCell is added automatically for you, now select this Cell.
2: Add Identifier cell, this identifier will be used to get this Cell.

Move to ViewController Class

Add below code in your ViewController class.
class ViewController: UIViewController {

    @IBOutlet weak var tableView: UITableView! // 1
    var arrayHeader = [1, 1, 1, 1] // 2 Array of header, change it as per your uses
    
    override func viewDidLoad() {
        super.viewDidLoad()
        // Do any additional setup after loading the view, typically from a nib.
        self.tableView.dataSource = self // 3
        self.tableView.delegate = self
    }
}

extension ViewController: UITableViewDataSource, UITableViewDelegate {
    
    func tableView(_ tableView: UITableView, heightForHeaderInSection section: Int) -> CGFloat {
        return 40
    }
    
    // 4
    func tableView(_ tableView: UITableView, viewForHeaderInSection section: Int) -> UIView? {
        let viewHeader = UIView(frame: CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: UIScreen.main.bounds.size.width, height: 40))
        viewHeader.backgroundColor = UIColor.darkGray // Changing the header background color to gray
        return viewHeader
    }
    
    // 5
    func numberOfSections(in tableView: UITableView) -> Int {
        return arrayHeader.count
    }
    
    func tableView(_ tableView: UITableView, numberOfRowsInSection section: Int) -> Int {
        // 6 Change the number of row in section as per your uses
        return 4
    }
    
    // 7
    func tableView(_ tableView: UITableView, cellForRowAt indexPath: IndexPath) -> UITableViewCell {
        let cell = tableView.dequeueReusableCell(withIdentifier: "cell", for: indexPath)
        cell.textLabel?.text = "section: \(indexPath.section)  row: \(indexPath.row)"
        return cell
    }
}
1: This is IBOutlet of UITableView which we have created
2: arrayHeader will use to return the number of headers. We will cover later that why this array is having 1.
3: Connect dataSource and delegate of UITableView
4: Create a UIView and return it as header
5: Return number of the section using arrayHeader count
6: Return number of the row for section, change is as per your uses
7: Here we are getting a Prototype cell which we have added earlier and returning this.
Now run the project and you will get below output.

You can see the gray view which is header, now we will add a UIButton over this gray header and on click of that button the Cells will be expand and collapse.

Making UITableViewCell Expand and Collapse

Let’s do the below changes to make our Cells expand and collpase

Update viewForHeaderInSection function

Create a UIButton and add it over header view, also add a selector on this button.
    func tableView(_ tableView: UITableView, viewForHeaderInSection section: Int) -> UIView? {
        let viewHeader = UIView(frame: CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: UIScreen.main.bounds.size.width, height: 40))
        viewHeader.backgroundColor = UIColor.darkGray // Changing the header background color to gray
        let button = UIButton(type: .custom)
        button.frame = viewHeader.bounds
        button.tag = section // Assign section tag to this button
        button.addTarget(self, action: #selector(tapSection(sender:)), for: .touchUpInside)
        button.setTitle("Section: \(section)", for: .normal)
        viewHeader.addSubview(button)
        return viewHeader
    }
Now add tapSection function in your ViewController class just below viewDidLoad function
    @objc func tapSection(sender: UIButton) {
        self.arrayHeader[sender.tag] = (self.arrayHeader[sender.tag] == 0) ? 1 : 0
        self.tableView.reloadSections([sender.tag], with: .fade)
    }
In the above function, we are updating the array value on for selected section using button tag. If the value is 0 then we are changing this to 1 and vice versa and reloading that section using fade animation. 1 means Cells are expanded and 0 means Cells are collapsed.

Update numberOfRowsInSection logic

  func tableView(_ tableView: UITableView, numberOfRowsInSection section: Int) -> Int {
    // 6 Change the number of row in section as per your uses
    return (self.arrayHeader[section] == 0) ? 0 : 4
  }
As you can see in the above function if arrayHeader is having 0 value at section index then we are returning 0 cells otherwise 4 (change this as per your uses) Make the above changes in your class and run the project.

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